Soil organic matter recovery on conservation reserve program fields in southeastern Wyoming

Publication Type:

Journal Article

Source:

SOIL SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA JOURNAL, SOIL SCI SOC AMER, Volume 62, Number 3, 677 SOUTH SEGOE ROAD, MADISON, WI 53711 USA, p.725-730 (1998)

Abstract:

Soil C and N changes following cessation of cultivation in semiarid soils is not well understood. We hypothesized that returning cultivated fields in southeastern Wyoming to perennial grasses through the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) would (i) increase labile pools of soil organic matter (SOM), and (ii) increase small-scale heterogeneity of SOM. Carbon and N in labile and passive pools of SOM were measured in CRP fields seeded with perennial grasses intermediate wheatgrass (Elytrigia intermedia [Host] Nevski ssp. intermedia), pubescent wheatgrass (Elytrigia intermedia [Schur.] A. Love ssp. barbulata) and smooth brome (Bromus inermis Leysser), and in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)-fallow fields. Mineralizable C increased from 0.37 g m(-2) d(-1) in wheat-fallow fields to 0.99 g m(-2) d(-1) in CRP fields; mineralizable N and coarse particulate C were consistently but not significantly higher in CRP fields. Fine particulate and total soil C and N were not significantly different between CRP and wheat-fallow. Within CRP fields, mineralizable C was significantly higher under gasses than in interspaces (1.96 vs. 0.73 g m(-2) d(-1), respectively), and mineralizable N and coarse particulate C and N were consistently but not significantly higher under grasses than in interspaces. Soil C and N have increased only slightly after 6 yr of CRP management, and future changes in land use management on these CRP fields, including grazing and cropping, may accrue some small benefits associated with improved soil fertility status.